EV/Sales Ratio

In This Article

Meaning Of EV To Sales Ratio

Formula

View of EV to Sales Ratio

Interpretation of EV to Sales Ratio

Limitation

Example


Meaning Of EV To Sales Ratio

The enterprise value to sales ratio is a financial ratio that compares the total value of a company (as measured by enterprise value) to the total amount of money it generates in sales. Despite the fact that the ratio is expressed in years, it illustrates how many dollars of EV are generated by every dollar of yearly sales. Generally speaking, the lower the ratio, the more affordable the company. Some investment professionals believe that when calculating enterprise value and sales, both debt and equity holders should be considered. The EV/Sales ratio outperforms the frequently cited price/sales ratio.

By understanding the cost of goods sold in relation to per-unit sales, investors can make more informed decisions about whether or not to invest in a particular company. Investors can gain a better understanding of whether a company is overvalued or undervalued by calculating the aforementioned value.


Formula





EV= MC + D + PS + MI - CC

MC – Market Capitalization

D – Debt

PS – Preferred Shares

MI – Minority Interest

CC – Cash and Cash Equivalents


View of EV to Sales Ratio

If this ratio is higher, it is assumed that the company is more expensive, and it is therefore not a good investment for investors to make because they will not receive any immediate benefit from their investment.

It is considered a great investment opportunity for investors if this ratio is lower; because when EV/Sales is lower, the company is perceived as undervalued, and if investors invest, they stand to gain significantly from their investment.


Interpretation of EV to Sales Ratio

An increase in the EV/Sales ratio can be interpreted as an indication that a company is becoming more expensive. For every dollar of revenue generated, there is a significant amount of enterprise value generated. Due to the fact that they will not benefit from the investment immediately, high payout ratios are generally unappealing to investors.


A high enterprise value to sales ratio frequently indicates that the company is overvalued. But some investors will not be bothered by the high payout ratio if they believe that future sales will increase significantly and provide them with greater returns than they currently receive.


An undervalued company is one in which the enterprise value to sales ratio is less than 1. In order to generate every dollar of revenue, there must be a corresponding reduction in enterprise value. The majority of investors consider it to be a good investment opportunity, as it typically indicates that the company is undervalued and can provide immediate benefits to shareholders.


In light of the high and low EV/Sales ratios, it is critical to examine the ratio in relation to the company's competitors and the industry. A company with a low EV/Sales ratio in comparison to the general market may actually have a high EV/Sales ratio in its niche industry, making it a less attractive investment.


Additionally, there are numerous other quantitative and qualitative factors to consider within the organization before making a purchase decision based solely on this one ratio.


It is possible for the EV/Sales ratio to be negative if a company's cash or cash equivalent portion exceeds the sum of its market capitalization, debt, preferred shares, and minority interest combined. It indicates that the company has enough cash on hand to pay off all of its debt and, in effect, purchase itself. It is an anomaly that does not occur very often, and when it does, it usually does not last for very long due to the fact that it is inefficient in comparison to other systems.



Limitation

The ratio of enterprise value to sales is a useful metric for determining whether or not to invest in a company. However, it is dependent on a large number of variables that could change in a matter of days. Furthermore, it is not recommended that investors base their decision on a single ratio when making an investment. Before putting their money into any investment, investors should take the time to examine various ratios in order to obtain more concrete information about the investment.


Example

A company reports annual sales of $300,000 . The stock of the company is currently trading at $100 per share, with a total of 100,000 shares in circulation. The total amount of cash and cash equivalents is $300,000. Another $100,000 in short-term liabilities and a $200,000 mortgage are owed by the company.


Solution:

Market Capitalization = 100 * 100,000 = $1,000,000

Debt = 200,000 + 100,000 = $300,000

Cash and Cash Equivalents = $300,000


= 1,000,000 + 300,000 - 300,000 / 300,000

= 3.33


Generally speaking, the EV/Sales ratio falls between 1 and 3 on the scale. Anything with a ratio equal to or less than one will be considered low. Anything at or above a 3 would be considered to be quite high in terms of difficulty. As previously stated, however, the answer is dependent on the industry and the company's competitors..


An enterprise value-to-sales ratio of 3.33 will be high and may deter potential investors from making a purchase because it will be a riskier purchase that will take a longer period of time to turn a profit.




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