Solvency Ratio – Definition, Types & Formula

What Is Solvency Ratio

A solvency ratio is a key metric that prospective business lenders use to measure an organization's ability to meet its long-term debt obligations. These lenders look at the ratio to determine whether or not the company is financially stable. The solvency ratio of a company is a measurement of its financial health because it indicates whether or not the company's cash flow is sufficient to meet its long-term liabilities. A ratio that is unfavorable can provide some insight into the likelihood that a company will be unable to meet its financial obligations.


Types of Solvency Ratios

1) EBIT Interest Coverage

The number of times that a company's EBIT is able to pay its projected interest expenditures is one of the things that analysts may learn from this indicator. To determine this, divide the entire interest expense incurred by a company by the EBIT of that company.

Formula:

EBIT Interest Coverage



2) EBITDA Interest Coverage

The EBITDA-to-interest coverage ratio is a financial ratio that is used to assess a company's financial durability by examining whether or not the company is at least profitable enough to pay off its interest expenses using its pre-tax income. The ratio is calculated by dividing a company's pre-tax income by its interest expenses. In particular, it investigates the extent to which earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) can be applied to this objective and what fraction of those earnings can be employed.

Formula:

EBITDA Interest Coverage



3) Debt To Equity Ratio

The ratio of a company's debt to its equity is one way to evaluate how well it will be able to meet its financial commitments. It basically demonstrates the state of health that a given company is in overall. In the event that the debt-to-equity ratio is larger, it indicates that the firm is obtaining a greater amount of funding through the lending of money that is exposed to risk. If the prospective debts are too high, there is a possibility that the company will go bankrupt during these times. In most cases, a higher level of leverage alerts shareholders to the fact that a company or its stocks carry a higher level of risk. However, because the appropriate level of debt for each industrial group is different, it is difficult to compare the debt-to-equity ratio of different businesses. The debt-to-equity ratio is modified by investors so that they can concentrate solely on long-term debt since the risk associated with long-term liabilities is distinct from the risk associated with short-term debts and payables.

Formula:

Debt To Equity Ratio



4) Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio

The Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (FCCR) is a metric that determines whether or not a company has sufficient cash flows to cover fixed charges such as interest expense, required debt repayment, and lease expense.

Formula:

Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio



5) Cash Flow to Total Debt

The cash flow-to-debt ratio of a corporation is the proportion of its cash flow from operations to its total debt as a ratio. This ratio is a form of coverage ratio that may be used to evaluate how long it would take an organization to repay its debt if it used all of its cash flow to do so instead of investing in new assets or expanding its business.

Formula:

Cash Flow to Total Debt



6) Debt to Capital

To determine a company's debt-to-capital ratio, take all of the company's interest-bearing debt, including both short-term and long-term obligations, and divide that number by the entire amount of capital. A company's total capital consists of all of its interest-bearing debt as well as the equity held by its shareholders. This equity may take the form of common stock, preferred stock, or minority stake.

Formula:

Debt to Capital



7) Debt To assets Ratio

The Debt to Asset Ratio, commonly known as the debt ratio, is a leverage ratio that reflects the percentage of an asset's value that is being financed by debt. Another name for the debt ratio is the debt ratio. When the ratio is high, there is a greater degree of leverage, which in turn increases the level of financial risk.

Creditors frequently rely on the ratio of a company's debt to its assets when determining the total amount of debt held by a business, as well as the latter's capacity to repay that debt and whether or not the business will be eligible for new loans. On the other hand, investors make use of the ratio to ascertain whether or not the business is financially stable, whether or not it can meet both present and future obligations, and whether or not it can provide a return on their investment.

Formula:

Debt To assets Ratio



8) Financial Leverage Ratio

The worth of a company's equity can be measured using financial leverage ratios, which are also known as equity or debt ratios. This is done by assessing the company's entire debt picture. In order to determine the accurate value of a company's equity, these ratios either compare debt or equity to assets as well as the number of shares that are currently outstanding.


To put it another way, financial leverage ratios compare a firm's total debt load to its assets or equity in order to determine how much debt the company carries. This reveals the proportion of the company's assets that are owned by the shareholders as opposed to the creditors. One might say that a company's level of leverage is lower if the shareholders own the bulk of the company's assets. A corporation is said to have a high level of leverage when the majority of its creditors possess the company's assets. All of these measurements are essential for investors to comprehend in order to determine whether or not it is worthwhile to put money into a company based on how risky its capital structure is.


Formula:

Financial Leverage Ratio




Formulas of Solvency Ratio

Formulas of Solvency Ratio