### What does EBIT stand for?

a) Earnings Before Interest and Taxation

b) Earnings Before Income and Taxes

c) Earnings Before Interest and Taxes

d) Earnings Before Income and Taxation

Answer: b) Earnings Before Income and Taxes

Explanation: The correct answer is b) Earnings Before Income and Taxes (EBIT). Here's why:

E: Earnings refers to the profit of a company after all operating expenses have been deducted.

B: Before indicates that we are measuring profit at a specific point in the income statement, before considering certain expenses.

I: Interest refers to the cost of borrowing money. EBIT excludes interest expenses because they can vary greatly depending on a company's capital structure and financing decisions, making it difficult to compare profitability across companies.

T: Taxes refers to income taxes paid by the company. EBIT also excludes income taxes because they depend on various factors like a company's location, profitability, and tax deductions, again affecting comparability between companies.

Therefore, EBIT reflects a company's profitability from its core operations, excluding the impact of financing and taxation decisions.

Here's a breakdown of the other options:

a) Earnings Before Interest and Taxation: This is incorrect because "taxation" is a broader term that encompasses both income taxes and other taxes, while EBIT specifically excludes only income taxes.

c) Earnings Before Interest and Taxes: This is redundant as "interest and taxes" are already mentioned separately.

d) Earnings Before Income and Taxation: This is also incorrect for the same reason as option (a).

### If a company's EBIT is $500,000, and its interest expenses are $50,000, what is its EBT (Earnings Before Tax)?

a) $500,000

b) $450,000

c) $550,000

d) $50,000

Answer: b) $450,000

Explanation: The correct answer is b) $450,000. Here's why:

EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) represents a company's profit after all operating expenses have been deducted, excluding interest expenses and taxes.

We are given that the company's EBIT is $500,000, which means its profit from core operations is $500,000.

We are also given that the company has interest expenses of $50,000. These expenses need to be subtracted from EBIT to arrive at EBT (Earnings Before Tax).

Therefore, the calculation for EBT is: EBT = EBIT - Interest Expense EBT = $500,000 - $50,000 EBT = $450,000

### Which financial statement is EBIT commonly found on?

a) Income Statement

b) Balance Sheet

c) Cash Flow Statement

d) Statement of Retained Earnings

Answer: a) Income Statement

Explanation: The correct answer is a) Income Statement. Here's why:

EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) measures a company's profitability from its core operations, excluding the impact of financing and taxation decisions.

The income statement (also known as the profit and loss statement) reports a company's revenues and expenses over a specific period, ultimately showing its net income or loss.

EBIT is a key metric on the income statement, often appearing as a subtotal before interest and tax expenses are deducted to arrive at net income.

The balance sheet shows a company's assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time, not its ongoing income or expenses.

The cash flow statement tracks the movement of cash into and out of a company, not its profitability.

The statement of retained earnings shows how a company's retained earnings (reinvested profits) have changed over a period, not its current profitability.

Therefore, EBIT is most commonly found on the income statement as it directly reflects a company's profitability from its core operations.

### If a company has a higher EBIT margin compared to a competitor, what does it indicate?

a) The company is less profitable.

b) The company has higher debt.

c) The company is more profitable.

d) The company has more liabilities.

Answer: c) The company is more profitable.

Explanation: The correct answer is c) The company is more profitable. Here's why:

EBIT margin is a profitability indicator that shows how much earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) a company generates per dollar of revenue. It's calculated by dividing EBIT by revenue and multiplying by 100 to express it as a percentage.

A higher EBIT margin means the company is able to keep a larger portion of its revenue as profit after accounting for operating expenses, but before considering financing costs and taxes. This suggests better cost control, efficient operations, or a more competitive pricing strategy compared to the competitor.

Conversely, a lower EBIT margin indicates that the company keeps a smaller portion of its revenue as profit, potentially due to higher operating costs, lower pricing power, or less efficient operations.

Therefore, a higher EBIT margin compared to a competitor is generally a positive sign, suggesting greater profitability from core operations. Here's why the other options are incorrect:

a) The company is less profitable: This is the opposite of what a higher EBIT margin implies.

b) The company has higher debt: Debt levels don't directly impact EBIT margin, which focuses on operational profitability.

d) The company has more liabilities: Similar to debt, total liabilities don't directly affect EBIT margin.

### How can a company increase its EBIT?

a) By increasing interest expenses

b) By reducing operating costs

c) By decreasing revenue

d) By paying higher taxes

Answer: b) By reducing operating costs

Explanation: The correct answer is b) By reducing operating costs. Here's why:

EBIT stands for "Earnings Before Interest and Taxes." It measures a company's profitability from its core operations, excluding the impact of financing and taxation decisions.

Increasing operating costs would directly eat into the company's earnings, decreasing its EBIT.

Reducing operating costs, on the other hand, would allow the company to keep more of its revenue as profit, thereby increasing its EBIT. This could involve measures like:

Negotiating better deals with suppliers

Streamlining production processes

Eliminating waste and inefficiencies

Reducing administrative expenses

Decreasing revenue or paying higher taxes would also directly reduce the company's earnings, making option (c) and (d) incorrect.

While increasing interest expenses might technically affect EBIT by lowering its value, it's not a practical strategy to deliberately boost profitability.

Therefore, reducing operating costs is the most effective way for a company to increase its EBIT and improve its core business profitability.

### A company with an EBIT of $800,000 and a net income of $400,000 has interest expenses of $50,000. What is its tax rate?

a) 50%

b) 30%

c) 37.5%

d) 10%

Answer: b) 30%

Explanation: The correct answer is c) 37.5%.
Here's how to solve it:

Calculate taxes paid:

Net income = EBIT - Taxes - Interest expense

$400,000 = $800,000 - Taxes - $50,000

Taxes = $800,000 - $400,000 - $50,000

Taxes = $350,000

Calculate tax rate:

Tax rate = Taxes / EBIT

Tax rate = $350,000 / $800,000

Tax rate = 0.4375, which is equal to 37.5%

Therefore, the company's tax rate is 37.5%.

a) 50%: This would mean the entire difference between EBIT and net income is due to taxes, which isn't true based on the given interest expense.

b) 30%: This underestimates the actual tax rate.

d) 10%: This significantly overestimates the actual tax rate.

### How does the concept of EBIT differ from EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization)?

a) EBITDA includes depreciation and amortization expenses.

b) EBIT includes depreciation and amortization expenses.

c) EBITDA includes interest expenses.

d) EBITDA includes taxes.

Answer: b) EBIT includes depreciation and amortization expenses.

Explanation: EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) is a measure of a company's profitability that reflects its operating income before considering financing expenses (interest) and taxes. Depreciation and amortization are expenses that are recognized over time to account for the wear and tear of assets and the intangible value of assets, respectively. These expenses are not related to a company's current operations, and therefore they are not included in EBIT.

EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) is a similar measure of profitability, but it excludes depreciation and amortization expenses in addition to interest and taxes. This means that EBITDA is a more inclusive measure of a company's ability to generate cash from its operations.

### A company has EBIT of $2 million, interest expenses of $500,000, and a tax rate of 25%. What is its net income (NI)?

a) $1,000,000

b) $1,250,000

c) $1,500,000

d) $750,000

Answer: b) $1,250,000

Explanation: The correct answer is **b) $1,250,000**.

To calculate net income (NI), we start with EBIT and subtract interest expenses and taxes.

EBIT = $2,000,000

Interest expense = $500,000

Tax rate = 25%

First, we calculate income before taxes (EBT) by subtracting interest expenses from EBIT:

EBT = $2,000,000 - $500,000 = $1,500,000

Next, we calculate taxes by multiplying EBT by the tax rate:

Taxes = $1,500,000 * 0.25 = $375,000

Finally, we calculate net income (NI) by subtracting taxes from EBT:

NI = $1,500,000 - $375,000 = $1,125,000

Therefore, the company's net income is $1,125,000.

### If a company's EBIT is $1.5 million, and it pays $200,000 in interest and $300,000 in taxes, what is its EBT (Earnings Before Tax)?

a) $1,000,000

b) $1,300,000

c) $1,700,000

d) $1,000,000

Answer: c) $1,700,000

Explanation: EBIT stands for Earnings Before Interest and Taxes. It is a measure of a company's profitability that reflects its operating income before considering financing expenses (interest) and taxes.

In this case, the company's EBIT is $1.5 million. This means that the company has generated $1.5 million in profit from its operations before considering interest and taxes.

The company also pays $200,000 in interest and $300,000 in taxes. These expenses are subtracted from EBIT to calculate net income.

Therefore, the company's net income is $1.5 million - $200,000 - $300,000 = $1,000,000.

However, the question asks for the company's EBT, not its net income. EBT is calculated by adding back interest and taxes to net income.

Therefore, the company's EBT is $1,000,000 + $200,000 + $300,000 = $1,700,000.

### What is the main advantage of using EBIT as a financial metric?

a) It considers all expenses, including interest and taxes.

b) It provides information about a company's liquidity.

c) It includes non-operating income.

d) It is unaffected by changes in revenue.

Answer: d) It is unaffected by changes in revenue.

Explanation: EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) is a financial metric that measures a company's profitability before considering financing expenses (interest) and taxes. This means that EBIT is not affected by changes in a company's revenue, which can be volatile and may not be a good indicator of a company's long-term profitability.

The other options are incorrect because:

EBIT does not consider all expenses, as it excludes interest and taxes.

EBIT does not provide information about a company's liquidity, which is its ability to meet its short-term obligations.

EBIT does not include non-operating income, which is income from sources other than a company's core business operations.

Therefore, the main advantage of using EBIT as a financial metric is that it is unaffected by changes in revenue. This makes EBIT a useful tool for comparing the profitability of companies with different revenue streams.

### Why is EBIT sometimes referred to as "operating profit"?

a) It excludes interest and taxes, focusing on core operations.

b) It includes all income and expenses.

c) It measures a company's total profit.

d) It reflects the impact of financing activities.

Answer: a) It excludes interest and taxes, focusing on core operations.

Explanation: EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) is often referred to as "operating profit" because it reflects a company's profitability from its core business operations, excluding the effects of financing decisions or tax implications. By omitting interest and taxes, EBIT provides a clearer picture of a company's ability to generate profits from its core operations, regardless of its capital structure or tax situation.

Option b is incorrect because EBIT does not include all income and expenses. It specifically excludes interest and taxes, focusing on the company's operating performance.

Option c is incorrect because EBIT does not measure a company's total profit. It only measures profit from core operations, excluding non-operating income and expenses.

Option d is incorrect because EBIT does not reflect the impact of financing activities. It specifically excludes interest expenses, which are directly related to financing decisions.

Therefore, the primary reason EBIT is referred to as "operating profit" is its focus on a company's profitability from its core business operations, disregarding the effects of financing or tax considerations.

### What does a negative EBIT indicate about a company's financial performance?

a) The company is highly profitable.

b) The company is in financial distress.

c) The company has low operating costs.

d) The company has low interest expenses.

Answer: b) The company is in financial distress.

Explanation: A negative EBIT indicates that a company is not generating enough profit from its core operations to cover its operating expenses. This means that the company is struggling financially and may be at risk of bankruptcy.

Option a is incorrect because a negative EBIT is the opposite of being highly profitable.

Option c is incorrect because a negative EBIT suggests that the company's operating costs are too high, not too low.

Option d is incorrect because a negative EBIT does not necessarily mean that the company has low interest expenses. The company could have high interest expenses and still have a positive EBIT.

Therefore, a negative EBIT is a clear sign that a company is in financial distress and needs to take corrective action to improve its profitability.

### Why is EBIT considered an important metric for comparing the financial performance of companies in different industries?

a) It accounts for variations in corporate tax rates.

b) It includes all non-operating income.

c) It is unaffected by changes in revenue.

d) It adjusts for differences in interest rates.

Answer: c) It is unaffected by changes in revenue.

Explanation: The correct answer is c) It is unaffected by changes in revenue. EBIT, or earnings before interest and taxes, is a financial metric that measures a company's profitability before considering financing expenses (interest) and taxes. This makes it a useful tool for comparing the profitability of companies in different industries, as it is not affected by variations in revenue. Here's why the other options are incorrect:

a) It accounts for variations in corporate tax rates. While EBIT does exclude taxes, it does not account for variations in corporate tax rates. Different companies may face different tax rates, which can distort comparisons of their profitability.

b) It includes all non-operating income. EBIT only includes income from a company's core operations, excluding non-operating income. Non-operating income can vary significantly from company to company, making it difficult to compare their profitability based on EBIT alone.

d) It adjusts for differences in interest rates. EBIT does not adjust for differences in interest rates. Companies with different capital structures may have different interest expenses, which can affect their EBIT.

Therefore, the main reason EBIT is considered an important metric for comparing the financial performance of companies in different industries is that it is unaffected by changes in revenue. This allows for a more apples-to-apples comparison of profitability across different industry sectors.

### In which scenario would a company have a higher EBIT margin: when it has higher operating costs or lower operating costs?

a) Higher operating costs

b) Lower operating costs

c) EBIT margin is not affected by operating costs.

d) It depends on the industry.

Answer: b) Lower operating costs

Explanation: The correct answer is b) Lower operating costs.
EBIT margin is a profitability metric that measures a company's earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) as a percentage of its revenue. A higher EBIT margin indicates that a company is more profitable relative to its revenue.
Operating costs are the expenses that a company incurs in the course of its normal business operations. These costs can be divided into two categories:

Variable costs: These costs vary with the level of production or sales. Examples of variable costs include direct labor, direct materials, and sales commissions.

Fixed costs: These costs do not vary with the level of production or sales. Examples of fixed costs include rent, utilities, and salaries.

A company with lower operating costs will have a higher EBIT margin because it is retaining a larger percentage of its revenue as profit. This is because the company is not spending as much money on producing or selling its goods or services.

Here is an example to illustrate this concept:
Company A has revenue of $100,000 and operating costs of $60,000. Company B has revenue of $100,000 and operating costs of $40,000.

Company A's EBIT margin is 40% ($100,000 - $60,000) / $100,000. Company B's EBIT margin is 60% ($100,000 - $40,000) / $100,000.

As you can see, Company B has a higher EBIT margin because it has lower operating costs.

It is important to note that EBIT margin is not the only profitability metric that investors should consider. Other important metrics include net profit margin and return on assets (ROA). However, EBIT margin is a useful metric for comparing the profitability of companies within the same industry.

### What is the relationship between EBIT and EBT when a company has no interest expenses?

a) EBIT is greater than EBT.

b) EBIT is equal to EBT.

c) EBIT is less than EBT.

d) It depends on the tax rate.

Answer: b) EBIT is equal to EBT.

Explanation: EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) is a measure of a company's profitability that excludes the effects of financing decisions. EBT (Earnings Before Taxes) is a measure of a company's profitability that excludes the effects of both financing decisions and income taxes.

When a company has no interest expenses, then EBIT and EBT are equal. This is because interest expense is the only difference between EBIT and EBT.

Here is the formula for EBIT: EBIT = Revenue - Operating Expenses - Depreciation and Amortization Here is the formula for EBT: EBT = EBIT - Interest Expense When interest expense is zero, then EBT = EBIT. Therefore, the answer is b) EBIT is equal to EBT.

### Company A and Company B both have an EBIT of $1 million. Company A has a tax rate of 20%, while Company B has a tax rate of 30%. Which company will have a higher Net Income (NI)?

a) Company A

b) Company B

c) Both companies will have the same NI.

d) It depends on their interest expenses.

Answer: a) Company A

Explanation: The correct answer is a) Company A. Net Income (NI) is calculated by subtracting taxes from earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT). Therefore, the formula for NI is: NI = EBIT - Taxes Taxes are calculated by multiplying EBIT by the tax rate. Therefore, the formula for taxes is: Taxes = EBIT * Tax Rate Using these formulas, we can calculate the NI for Company A and Company B: Company A:

EBIT = $1 million

Tax Rate = 20%

Taxes = $1 million * 20% = $200,000

NI = $1 million - $200,000 = $800,000

Company B:

EBIT = $1 million

Tax Rate = 30%

Taxes = $1 million * 30% = $300,000

NI = $1 million - $300,000 = $700,000

As you can see, Company A has a higher NI than Company B because it has a lower tax rate. This is because Company A is paying a smaller percentage of its EBIT in taxes, so it is retaining a larger percentage of its EBIT as NI.

### How does a company's EBIT margin relate to its overall profitability?

a) EBIT margin is the same as net profit margin.

b) EBIT margin reflects operational profitability, not overall profitability.

c) EBIT margin is higher when a company has more non-operating income.

d) EBIT margin is the most accurate indicator of a company's financial health.

Answer: b) EBIT margin reflects operational profitability, not overall profitability.

Explanation: EBIT margin is a financial ratio that measures a company's profitability before interest and taxes (EBIT) as a percentage of its revenue. It is calculated by dividing EBIT by revenue. EBIT margin is a useful metric for comparing the operational efficiency of companies within the same industry.

Net profit margin, on the other hand, is a financial ratio that measures a company's profit after all expenses, including interest and taxes, have been paid. It is calculated by dividing net income by revenue. Net profit margin is a more comprehensive measure of a company's overall profitability than EBIT margin, as it takes into account all of the company's expenses.

Non-operating income is income that is not generated from the company's core business operations. Examples of non-operating income include investment income, gains from the sale of assets, and foreign exchange gains. EBIT margin does not include non-operating income, so a company's EBIT margin is not higher when it has more non-operating income.

### Why is EBIT important for creditors and investors when evaluating a company's financial stability?

a) It reflects the company's total income.

b) It indicates the company's ability to pay interest on its debt.

c) It considers only long-term debt.

d) It doesn't provide any useful information for creditors and investors.

Answer: b) It indicates the company's ability to pay interest on its debt.

Explanation: EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) is a key financial metric that measures a company's profitability before interest and taxes are deducted. It provides a more accurate picture of a company's operating performance compared to net income, which is affected by financing decisions and tax rates.

For creditors, EBIT is crucial in assessing a company's ability to service its debt obligations. A higher EBIT indicates that the company can generate sufficient cash flow to cover its interest expenses and repay its principal loans. This makes the company a more creditworthy borrower, reducing the risk of default for creditors.

Investors also value EBIT as a measure of a company's earning potential. A company with a consistently high EBIT margin demonstrates strong operational efficiency and the ability to generate profits effectively. This can attract potential investors and boost the company's stock price.

Therefore, EBIT plays a significant role in evaluating a company's financial stability and overall health, making it valuable for both creditors and investors.

### If a company has EBIT of $1 million and net income of $750,000, what are its interest expenses and taxes?

a) Interest expenses: $250,000, Taxes: $250,000

b) Interest expenses: $250,000, Taxes: $150,000

c) Interest expenses: $100,000, Taxes: $250,000

d) Interest expenses: $150,000, Taxes: $100,000

Answer: a) Interest expenses: $250,000, Taxes: $250,000

Explanation: The correct answer is a) Interest expenses: $250,000, Taxes: $250,000. To determine the interest expenses and taxes, we can use the following formula: Net Income = EBIT - Interest Expense - Taxes Given that EBIT is $1 million and net income is $750,000, we can set up the equation: 750,000 = 1,000,000 - Interest Expense - Taxes To solve for interest expenses, we can subtract EBIT and net income from both sides: Interest Expense = 1,000,000 - 750,000 = $250,000 To solve for taxes, we can substitute the value of interest expenses back into the original equation: 750,000 = 1,000,000 - 250,000 - Taxes Taxes = 1,000,000 - 250,000 - 750,000 = $250,000 Therefore, the company's interest expenses are $250,000, and its taxes are $250,000.

### What does a declining EBIT margin over several quarters suggest about a company's financial performance?

a) The company is becoming more profitable.

b) The company's operating costs are decreasing.

c) The company's core operations are less profitable.

d) The company's debt is increasing.

Answer: c) The company's core operations are less profitable.

Explanation: EBIT margin is a profitability ratio that measures a company's earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) as a percentage of its revenue. A declining EBIT margin suggests that the company is generating less profit from its core operations, even though its revenue may be increasing. This could be due to several factors, such as rising costs, declining sales volume, or a less efficient production process.

Here are some of the reasons why a company's EBIT margin might decline:

Rising costs: If a company's costs are increasing faster than its revenue, then its EBIT margin will decline. This could be due to factors such as inflation, higher labor costs, or more expensive原材料.

Declining sales volume: If a company's sales volume is declining, then its EBIT margin will also decline. This could be due to factors such as increased competition, economic downturns, or changes in consumer preferences.

Inefficient production process: If a company's production process is inefficient, then its costs will be higher and its EBIT margin will be lower. This could be due to factors such as outdated equipment, poor inventory management, or inefficient labor practices.

A declining EBIT margin is a cause for concern for investors because it suggests that the company's core business is becoming less profitable. This could lead to lower earnings in the future and a decrease in the company's stock price.

### Company X and Company Y both have an EBIT of $2 million. Company X has interest expenses of $500,000, while Company Y has interest expenses of $1 million. Which company will have a higher Earnings Before Tax (EBT)?

a) Company X

b) Company Y

c) Both companies will have the same EBT.

d) It depends on their tax rates.

Answer: a) Company X

Explanation: a) Company X Company X has a higher pretax income of $1,500,000 compared to Company Y's pretax income of $1,000,000. This is because Company X has lower interest expenses of $500,000 compared to Company Y's interest expenses of $1,000,000.

### A company reports EBIT of $3 million, interest expenses of $750,000, and a tax rate of 20%. What is its Net Income (NI)?

a) $1.8 million

b) $2.4 million

c) $2.2 million

d) $2.8 million

Answer: b) $2.4 million

Explanation: The correct answer is b) $2.4 million. To calculate the net income (NI), we can use the following formula: NI = EBIT - Interest Expense - Taxes Where:

EBIT is earnings before interest and taxes

Interest Expense is the cost of borrowing money

Taxes are the amount of money the company pays to the government

In this case, we know that:

EBIT = $3,000,000

Interest Expense = $750,000

Tax rate = 20%

First, we need to calculate the taxes. We can do this by multiplying the EBIT by the tax rate: Taxes = EBIT * Tax rate Taxes = $3,000,000 * 0.20 Taxes = $600,000 Now, we can calculate the net income: NI = EBIT - Interest Expense - Taxes NI = $3,000,000 - $750,000 - $600,000 NI = $1,650,000 Therefore, the company's net income is $1,650,000.

### How can a company with a declining EBIT improve its profitability without increasing revenue?

a) Reduce interest expenses

b) Increase taxes paid

c) Decrease operating costs

d) Decrease depreciation expenses

Answer: c) Decrease operating costs

Explanation: When a company's EBIT is declining, it means that its profits are decreasing. This can be due to a number of factors, such as increasing costs, decreasing sales, or a combination of both. In order to improve profitability without increasing revenue, the company needs to find ways to reduce its expenses. Operating costs are the expenses that a company incurs in the day-to-day operation of its business. These costs can include things like rent, utilities, salaries, and supplies. By reducing operating costs, the company can improve its profitability without having to increase revenue.

Here are some specific examples of how a company can reduce operating costs:

Negotiate with suppliers for better prices.

Reduce inventory levels.

Eliminate unnecessary expenses.

Improve employee productivity.

Automate tasks.

By implementing these and other cost-cutting measures, a company can improve its profitability without having to increase revenue.

The other answer choices are incorrect. Reducing interest expenses will improve the company's profitability, but it will not do so without increasing revenue. Increasing taxes paid will actually decrease the company's profitability. Decreasing depreciation expenses will also not improve the company's profitability without increasing revenue. Depreciation is an accounting expense that reflects the wear and tear on a company's assets. It does not represent a cash outflow, so decreasing depreciation expenses will not have a direct impact on the company's profitability.

### If a company's EBIT is $1.5 million, and it pays taxes of $400,000, what is its Earnings Before Interest (EBI)?

a) $2 million

b) $1.5 million

c) $1.1 million

d) $1.9 million

Answer: c) $1.1 million

Explanation: The answer is c) $1.1 million. Earnings Before Interest (EBI) is a measure of a company's profitability that is calculated by subtracting interest expenses from earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT). In this case, we know that the company's EBIT is $1.5 million and its taxes are $400,000. We can use the following formula to calculate the company's EBI: EBI = EBIT - Interest Expense We don't have the company's interest expense, but we can calculate it by subtracting the company's taxes from its EBIT: Interest Expense = EBIT - Taxes Interest Expense = $1.5 million - $400,000 Interest Expense = $1.1 million Now that we know the company's interest expense, we can calculate its EBI: EBI = EBIT - Interest Expense EBI = $1.5 million - $1.1 million EBI = $0.4 million Therefore, the company's EBI is $0.4 million.

### What does a high EBIT margin indicate about a company's operational efficiency?

a) The company has low operational efficiency.

b) The company has high operational efficiency.

c) The company is in financial distress.

d) The company is not profitable.

Answer: b) The company has high operational efficiency.

Explanation: Option (b), The company has high operational efficiency, is the most likely indicator of a high EBIT margin. Here's why:

EBIT margin is a profitability measure that shows how much profit a company earns from its core operations before interest and taxes are taken out. It's calculated by dividing EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) by revenue.

A high EBIT margin signifies that the company is able to generate a significant amount of profit from its core business activities without incurring high operating expenses. This suggests that the company is efficient in managing its resources, controlling costs, and converting revenue into profit.

Conversely, a low EBIT margin could indicate operational inefficiencies, such as high production costs, excessive overhead expenses, or weak pricing power.

While financial distress and low profitability can sometimes be associated with low EBIT margins, it's not necessarily the case for high margins. Companies with high margins can still be financially sound and profitable, even if they face other challenges.

Therefore, based on the definition and implications of EBIT margin, a high margin is primarily indicative of strong operational efficiency.